the Council

The «Building Democracy & the Council» plan, which helped to establish the Council, was published on 8 February 2013 when an article on the influence of Native American political methods was written on Veritum Sandus. The plan continues to develop to today since the formal ratification of the first step of building a direct democratic council in the State of Sandus, which passed unanimously by national referendum on 21 December 2014.

In the unwritten constitution of the State of Sandus, the Council forms the final part of the intention to evolve the State of Sandus into a classical republic complete with three component parts reflecting rule by an individual, rule by a group of people, and rule by the people: monarchy, meritocracy, and democracy. The Council forms the democratic part of the tripartite republican system and has full legislative powers in the State of Sandus; all Sandum citizens — CivesSocii, and Peregrini — have the right to draft motions, vote, and to stand for election for the position of facilitator. As a deliberative body, the Council tries to reach all decisions by consensus without objections, though a simple majority voting system can be used over contentious matters at the facilitator’s discretion.

Facilitator of the Council:
Artemis Baca (from 16 July to 26 December 2019)

Sessions of the Council:
Each session is the time period between each full moon, where each full moon is the terminal point of the session. The election of a new facilitator ought to be called and concluded by the period of the New Moon.

Archives:
To view the decisions of legislative sessions from previous Administrative Years, visit the Tabularium Sande.

Administrative Year 2019:

5 January 2019 — First Session of the Administrative Year 2019
21 January 2019 — Second Session of the Administrative Year 2019
19 February 2019 — Third Session of the Administrative Year 2019
20 March 2019 — Fourth Session of the Administrative Year 2019
19 April 2019 — Fifth Session of the Administrative Year 2019
18 May 2019 — Sixth Session of the Administrative Year 2019
17 June 2019 — Seventh Session of the Administrative Year 2019
16 July 2019 — Eighth Session of the Administrative Year 2019
15 August 2019 — Ninth Session of the Administrative Year 2019
14 September 2019 — Tenth Session of the Administrative Year 2019
13 October 2019 — Eleventh Session of the Administrative Year 2019
12 November 2019 — Twelfth Session of the Administrative Year 2019
12 December 2019 — Intercalary Session of the Administrative Year 2019
26 December 2019 — First Session of the Administrative Year 2020

Powers & Practices of the Council:
The Council has full legislative powers in the State of Sandus. The Council reaches legislative decisions by consensus, unless a legislative decision (also known as a legislative motion) is contentious enough to warrant a vote. For motions where the traditional voting method is not used, all motions must achieve a major of assents by Sandum citizens in order to become effective. All decisions made by the Council are able to be vetoed by the Sôgmô, though the Council and the Citizens’ Party are able to override the veto by an insofar unwritten procedure — a future topic for the Council to decide.

The Council is presided over by a facilitator who is elected on a unique procedure for elections. The term for the facilitator is one term of six sessions, or six lunar months, but an elected facilitator may serve indefinitely without objections and in good faith. Anyone may stand to be elected to the faciliatorship from the period between the Full Moon and the New Moon.

Rules regarding the Council:

There are two different methods of voting on motions in the Council, a traditional method and an ‘assent’ method. In the traditional method of voting, there are three options a citizen has over a particular motion: to vote in support, to vote in opposition, and to abstain; these options are represented by ‘aye,’ ‘nay,’ and ‘abstention’ respectively. Most motions in the Council are not controversial enough to require the traditional method of voting, however, so a new method of voting was enacted by the Fourth Session of the Council in the Administrative Year 2015. In this method, where the traditional method would be unnecessarily dichotomous between ‘support’ and ‘opposition,’ the only option is to assent to a particular motion. All motions which are uncontroversial and do not require the traditional method of voting need at least a majority of citizens to say that they “assent” to a particular motion before it takes force at the end of the Session; however, if discussion takes place and the facilitator recognises the need for the traditional voting method to be used, the facilitator will direct the Council to vote formally on a motion. Otherwise, an assented motion will become a decision by the Council.

The Council has changed its rules to elect a facilitator for three sessions; that motions must have at least one “I assent” response; and, that the proposer of a motion is authorised to solicit support for their motion.

— Decision by the Fourth Session of the Council in 2015

This decision was changed in January 2019 to extend the term to six sessions.

Rules regarding the Election of a Facilitator:

It was decided early in the history of the Council that a facilitator should be elected to manage the work of the Council, to prompt citizens to take part in the Council, and to represent the Council in the Sandum republic. The follow rules concerning the election of a facilitator are the most up-to-date rules.

The Council has decided that it will be chaired by a Facilitator who shall facilitate discussion in the Council and begin a session’s agenda; the term is for one month and there are no term limits.

— Decision by the First Session of the Council in 2015

The Council has changed its rules to elect a facilitator for three sessions…

— Decision by the Fourth Session of the Council in 2015

It was decided that a rule be established concerning the election of the facilitator:
– that the election of the facilitator shall remain from the period of the lunar month between the Full Moon (when the month/session begins) and the New Moon.
– that the facilitator is elected by a simple majority or a majority of assents.
– that, if no facilitator is elected for the session, the Sôgmô becomes the acting-facilitator.
– that the facilitator, if there are no other candidates or opposition during the time period specified above, shall continue to hold office in good faith.

— Decision by the Tenth Session of the Council in 2015

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