In Sandus, there exists a political theory surrounding the definition of the Sandum government. One side believes Sandus to be a constitutional monarchy; the other, a forming republic. In Sandus, both definitions are considered and honoured for their unique benefit to governance, to society, and to cultural development. In Sandus, however, there is an effort to develop the Sandum Republic further.
When the State of Sandus was founded in April 2011, one person – the Sôgmô – was invested with all the power of government and state according to the Founding Law based on his status as founder of Sandus in May 2009. The only check against the Sôgmô’s powers were the rights of Sandum citizens, including the influential right to petition for change in government policy and creating new government policy. In September of that year, the Sôgmô voluntarily applied two checks to the Office of the Sôgmô: there would be elected representatives of both the electorate (the Sovereign People) and the Party and – by far more important – it placed an annual referendum on the Winter Solstice for the Office of the Sôgmô, asking if the Sôgmô maintained the legitimacy of the People; if the Sôgmô’s government was illegitimate, constitutional provisions would be added to remove power from the Office. Though the elected Comrade and Sanôba/Phanem Representatives were disbanded following a period of inactivity, the election has remained as an important constitutional change in Sandus’s largely unwritten constitution.
Elections are still held — held annually on the Winter Solstice in December. In December 2011, however, the second great constitutional change was added to the unwritten constitution of Sandus: the enfranchisement of the Citizens’ Communist Party of Sandus. The month before the enfranchisement, the CCPS held its first Party Congress and began with its first activity as a separate institution apart from the government. The enfranchisement of the Party made it a non-governmental organisation and a legal cooperative in Sandus; the Party was tasked with two objectives: (1) serve as a democratic forum for all Sandum citizens and (2) advocate for Socialism and advancements to the Sandum Socialist system. For a year and a half, the CCPS operated biannual Party Congresses. With the independence of Volfa and the departure of one citizen from micronationalism, however, the Party Congresses became annual (around the beginning of November) and the Congress for 2013 was cancelled and became an international conference held by the CCPS.
The third constitutional change is being planned. In the future, a popular deliberative Council will act as an advising body to the Sôgmô on the Sovereign People’s wishes and desires and will serve to elect the return of the Sanôba/Phanem Representative under a new office. The Council’s powers are uncertain at present, and are being considered and planned. While it is clear that the Council will act an advising body, it is still to be determined if the Council will have the power to ratify the Sôgmô’s laws and policies, to enact legislation, and so on. The present models for the Council include the early British Parliament and the Spartan Apella. The Council will be founded at a time when the Sôgmô, Party, and/or People consider the activity of the Sandum Nation-State to be sufficient to provide for a direct democratic Council.
These three constitutional changes mark the development of Sandus’s Republican government. Future developments may include the expansion of the Sovereign People’s Representatives to reflect the 10 Roman Tribunes of the Plebeians, the 9 Athenian Archons, and/or the 5 Spartan Ephoroi. Future developments will largely depend on citizen activity and involvement in Sandus and