Solstice Report: We shall never let up!

This past season has proven to be further evidence and testament of Sandum perseverance and of the persistance of the Sandum spirit. Sandus, its state, and its nation have continued collectively through the most difficult periods yet in some of our citizens’ lives. Three Sandum citizens, in the highest positions of authority and power in Sandus, either completed a thesis or a degree, and one both, in their respective fields. Others returned to higher education, while some others grappled with significant personal decisions. The contemporary world has proven to be erratic, with much stress and anxiety about its future. But, one thing is clear: Sandus, under our current government, is here to stay.

Despite tremendous personal work, Sandum citizens have remained committed to Sandum culture and the ideals of the Sandum Philosophy. Today, we are even more aware of the suffering of all people—Sandum citizen or not. The risk for failure and for crisis is all the more greater, both personally and nationally, but Sandus has shown it can and will succeed. This quarter is further historical proof of the persistance and endurance of our courage and strong will.

Tremendous work has been completed in this past quarter, and the prospects are all the more promising for the next quarter. Significant changes to the Sandum economy have been completed; new Sandum workers are preparing for their work; the Philia Plan for the Major Societal Shift has been accomplished; and, the Council and the Party are courageously forging new paths of development and the Sôgmô is at þess post.


Charity Taxes: Above Average, but Trends continue
Charity taxes over the past Spring season have increased since the Winter season, and this past season has come close to breaking records and was the fourth most charitable season in terms of donations. $604.16 USD were donated to charity in the Spring season of 2017, up slightly from the $395 given to charity last season in Winter 2017. The amount, however, is less than half of the most money ever donated in Sandus in Summer 2016, when Sandus donated more than $1,000 to charity.

When compared to hours volunteered, Sandum citizens volunteered more than 99 hours for philanthropic causes, the highest in recent years. These causes included working for animal shelters, mentoring and tutoring, working on service projects, and helping others in dire straights and mental crises.

Trends related to charity taxes have continued to show that taxes are slightly up. The average charity taxes for each season so far is $273.14, meaning that the State of Sandus has donated more money ($136.02) in the past season than the average. Charity taxes, we suspect, will continue to rise because of a few factors. First, there are more Sandum citizens than when Sandus started doing charity taxes, and there are more than twice as many citizens from when Sandus suffered its citizenship crisis in 2013. Second, Sandum citizens are more increasingly more prosperous and are working more hours and more jobs, while their wages are increasing with their age. In terms of volunteer work, however, there have been no significant changes.

The First Annual Sandum Budget: an optimistic forecast
The national budget, the second to be proposed by the Sôgmô, has been approved by the Commission for the Command Economy (CCE). The budget proposes that the State of Sandus spend $1,050 USD in “hard” expenses falling into four categories: website upkeep, salaries for Sandum workers, cooperatives’ expenses, and cultural expenses for holidays. Hard expenses include those for which economic activity is planned, while “soft” expenses—a planned budget of $950—are for reserved funds. Soft expenses include a Special Philia fund for cultural development, a Matter Realist fund for material production, a Trans*ition fund for trans* people’s transitions, a Health Reimbursement fund to help cover healthcare costs, and a flexible spending account.

Most planned revenue will be from voluntary taxes, with the Sôgmô’s personal contributions covering the hard expenses with monthly contributions of $90 USD per month. Approximately another $400 in individual voluntary taxes will cover soft expenses, while a final approximate revenue of $100 might come from cooperatives’ profits.

The First Salaries are Deposited 
By now, the first annual salaries have been deposited in CivBanca by the Bureau of the Treasury. 88¶c in total was deposited in five citizens’ accounts based on their work appointments in Sandus’s cooperatives. Of those five, the average Sandum worker has 2-3 appointments, while most Sandum citizens do not work in Sandum cooperatives at all. In the future, these salaries will be able to be redeemed for goods and services in and outside of Sandus through a conversion system to be set up by the Commission for the Command Economy. The Central People’s Government hopes, as well, to push citizens to join at least one cooperative as a worker.

Sôgmô’s Constitutional Project
Work has started in earnest on the Sôgmô’s Constitutional Project, a project envisioned by the 2016 Philia Plan for the Major Societal Shift. The project is meant to develop a coherent, comprehensive view of Sandus’s constitution and all its component parts and to educate citizens on the constitution of the State of Sandus. This project will be completed in the future through a complex virtual model describing Sandus’s constitution and a variety of other infographics and visual media. The first part of this project will come on 24 June when the Sôgmô presents þess lecture on the Sandum constitution at MicroCon in Atlanta, GA, USA.

A New Capital for Sandus: 
With the Sôgmô’s move in August, concerns are being raised about how Sandus will respond to þess departure and living permanently away from Kremlum Sandus Province. How will Sandus cope with the Sôgmô’s departure?

The location of the seat of power will have to change, that is certain, and it will follow það to the peninsula of Michigan. We can perhaps find precedent in the monarchical history of Europe, where the seat of power was located wherever the king was. This is compelling, and, since the Gradient Sovereign Condominium Theory proposes that Sandum sovereignty is wherever an individual citizen is, the State of Sandus will already follow the Sôgmô. In some way, the theory makes this a nonissue. But the key, perhaps, to the Sôgmô’s location of power and capital should be the placement of the Sandum pignae d’esti.

The pignae d’esti (the name was never officially translated into Latin) contain the Sôgmô’s Dharmachakra on þess altar, the statue of Holy Athena the Mother, and the so-called “Pavorio pigno”—the vase of our national colours filled to the brim with peacock feathers. To these should be added the national tricolour and the Books of the Armilustrium, the compilation of all the books washed in Armilustrium ceremonies. Finally, future pignae should be developed to meet future circumstances and to encompass future citizens and all citizens’ experiences, as well. In the future, perhaps a specific work-group in the Collegium Sacerdotum should be developed to maintain the pignae and to develop even more ones.


Most Honourable Order of the Throne of Sandus & the new Nobility
Medals for recipients of the Most Honourable Order of the Throne of Sandus will hopefully arrive in time to be given at MicroCon. If not, they will be sent by mail at a later date. This will include medals for Olivia-Eugenie and Jean Pierre of Aigues-Mortes and Dominic DeSaintes-Bellemare, as well as a couple extra medals which can be kept or given at the convention.

Escutcheon&Helm - Charles Edward Wright

In addition, in May, the Sôgmô awarded Sandus’s first knighthood to Charles Edward Wright, of Indian Head, Maryland, who is þess former coworker and supervisor. The knighthood is the first grant in the Sandum Table of Noble Ranks, though more are planned for the future. In addition, in the coming months, the Sôgmô will collectively grant all members of the Most Honourable Order of the Throne of Sandus the status of “gentleperson” in the Sandum system of nobility.

Finally, the Sôgmô is considering establishing more medals and decorations in the future, but such decision shall be taken with much gravity and with the advice of the þess advisers and counsellors.

CCE approves the Sôgmô’s proposal, new economic powers

Voice of Sandus


The Commission for the Command Economy concluded its first meeting yesterday and affirmed the Sôgmô’s proposed economic developments with a few alterations thanks to the help of the Party Secretary, Adam von Friedeck. The changes affect cooperatives and workers in Sandus, establish a national budget, and found a state bank in Sandus. The proposals were passed unanimously on consensus by the Commission, comprised of the Sôgmô, the Party Secretary, and the Minister for Diplomatic Affairs.

The first proposal concerned workers in Sandus, also known as “functionaries” in the new economic chain of command in Sandus. The Sôgmô noted that significant changes had been made to Sandum workers and that the way in which Sandus employs workers for the cooperatives must be reformed to give workers salaries of 8¶c per annum. In addition, the Sôgmô lobbied for new economic powers, namely for the power to issue economic commands to workers to…

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Artemis Baca (Berry) comes out

Artemis Baca (her Sandum name in Latin which means “berry”) has come out publicly as a transgender woman. The Sandum peregrine citizen has long been out in the State of Sandus and her name and gender identity have been reflected in the State of Sandus’s census logs, the Tabulae Sande, since she was first a Sandum citizen in July 2016. Her out identity in Sandus was considered a state secret to protect Baca’s privacy, until she came out on Monday afternoon.

The Sôgmô congratulated Baca in the Council of the State of Sandus, applauding her sincerity and courage in coming out.

I would like to extend congratulations to our peregrine citizen, Artemis Berry, for coming out recently to the micronational community as trans.

Her identity has long been been accepted and recognised in Sandus, including on our official census (the “Tabulae Sande”), according to her personal will. Yet, after such a long period of self-reflection and meditation, she has decided to come out to the micronational community in general. While eschewing others’ prejudices to say that it is merely a “phase” and so on, she has shown that her decision to come out was carefully and thoroughly planned and conceived.

I am glad she has chosen this month to come out, for she can have even more pride in standing in solidarity with millions of queer people around the world—including with a large portion of LGBTQ+ people in the State of Sandus. Though she was concerned with the especially transphobic portions of our community, her decision to come out on this day—the first anniversary of the Pulse massacre—is especially poignant and telling of her courage, her openness, and her thoughtfulness.

These are, rightfully, Sandum virtues and ought to be recognised as such.


Sandus has a long history of supporting LGBTQ+ rights and causes. This year, Sandus marks its fifth annual LGBTQ+ Pride Parade, one of the longest histories of LGBTQ+ Pride in extant micronations. Sandus also commemorates a variety of LGBTQ+ holidays as days of recognition, including “Transgender Day of Remembrance,” “International Day against Homophobia, Biphobia, and Transphobia,” and “Celebrate Bisexuality Day.” In addition, since 2012, Sandus has had a policy on the books to help trans* people transition by helping to cover transition-related expenses. Approximately half of the population of Sandus is lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans*, or queer.

In April, Baca became the scribe of the Office of the Sôgmô.

Sôgmô, Party Secretary to convene meeting of the CCE

Voice of Sandus


The Sôgmô and the Party Secretary will convene the first meeting of the Commission for the Command Economy (CCE), a commission in the Citizens’ Party of Sandus, on 17 June 2017 at 12:00 SLT (UTC-5). Established in August 2015 near the conclusion of the 2015 Economic Goal, the CCE is responsible for directing the development and administration of the Sandum economy. It became an organ of the Party in November 2016 as a result of the 2016 CPS Party Congress.

The Commission’s first meeting will focus on three interdependent agenda points meant to drive the development of the Sandum economy:

  1. Employment Reform & Functionary Positions
  2. Annual Budgets & Voluntary Taxation
  3. Formation of a State Bank

The first proposal on the agenda is to discuss the changing employment system in the State of Sandus, from voluntary employment to state-run functionary appointments. These mean that the State of Sandus will do…

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Sôgmô announces new regalia

The Sôgmô has announced the formal installation of new regalia for þess office, in addition to the traditional blue robes used since the creation of Sandus. The news comes after the conclusion of the Sôgmô’s graduation celebrations, though has been floated as a directive for several months now. The new regalia includes the academic decorations worn at the Sôgmô’s graduation.



The regalia includes the robes and decorations worn by the Sôgmô. The standard robes come with a mortarboard cap, a stole with the crest of the University of Maryland, an academic hood signifying the a bachelor’s degree of arts, and a tassel for the cap. The Sôgmô’s extra honours include four honours cords from honours societies in Classics and History, the distinguished honours society Phi Beta Kappa (ΦΒΚ), and a program in public leadership. In addition, the Sôgmô is entitled to wear a red tassel signifying the Latin honour of magna cum laude and a rainbow tassel for LGBTQ+ leadership. Finally, the regalia is complete with a medal for the Sôgmô’s completion of an honours thesis in history.


The Sôgmô in the traditional blue robes of the office at the 2012 PoliNations Conference.

The move comes in the spirit of Sandus’s cultural emphasis on intellectualism and academia. Intellectualism has long been a cultural emphasis of the State of Sandus, implicit in such political philosophies as Realism and Socialism. For example, Sandus idealises the socialist trifecta of the worker, farmer, and intellectual—but in Sandus this trifecta is incorporated into each individual’s livelihood with the intelligentsia at its head. The State of Sandus is led completely by intellectuals, from the Sôgmô to the Party Secretary to the Council’s facilitator and the diplomatic affairs minister. All four individuals represent intellectuals who have a wide range of academic interests yet who are all pursuing degrees of higher education.

The decision makes clear, as well, that these sorts of academic achievements are considered serious honours and marks of distinction and of respect in Sandus. It reaffirms Sandus’s emphasis on intellectualism, especially in a “post-truth” world.

Sôgmô graduates with B.A. in History, Classics with High Honours

S8gm8 Graduation

The Honourable Sôgmô Gaius Soergel Publicola has graduated magna cum laude from the University of Maryland, College Park, this weekend with a Bachelor’s degree of Arts in History and Classical Languages and Literature. The degree was conferred with high honours, with multiple other awards and marks of distinction, and with recognition of þess membership in a multitude of honour societies and fraternities.

The graduation weekend came with three ceremonies and a multitude of small celebrations of þess academic accomplishments thus far.
On Thursday 18 May, the Sôgmô completed the last final examination of þess undergraduate career and celebrated with a late-afternoon croquet party with many History graduate students.
On Friday 19 May, the Sôgmô worked a final shift at the University Libraries at the University of Maryland, where það has been employed since January 2014. Later that day, the Sôgmô participated in the Nineteenth Annual Lavender Graduation at the university and spent the evening at a dinner party with graduate students in the Classics department.
On Saturday 20 May, the Sôgmô participated in the graduation ceremony for the Department of History with the entire Sandum Royal Family in attendance. Following the ceremony, það lunched with members of the Royal Family and professors and staff from both the History and Classics departments.
On Sunday 21 May, the University of Maryland will host its main commencement ceremony.
On Monday 22 May, the Sôgmô will participate in the graduation ceremony for the Department of Classics with the Sanôba Father and the Phanem Grandmother in attendance. Following the ceremony, það will return to the Sandum capital of Columbia in Kremlum Sandus Province before a celebratory trip to France the following day.


The Sôgmô in all þess regalia.

The Sôgmô was an undergraduate student who was a member, or who was a “major,” in the Departments of History and of Classics. Það began their undergraduate career as a History major with a scholarly concentration in the history of the Ancient Mediterranean. By þess second semester at the university, það was taking third-year or junior-level classes in Ancient History. Early in þess second year, það added a Classics major after beginning the sequence of formally learning Latin, and the following year began learning Attic Greek.

For the first two years, the Sôgmô was a member of the College Park Scholars program in Public Leadership, a distinguished living and learning program dedicated to civics and leadership. In the next two years, the Sôgmô was a member of the History department’s Honours program and took two-years worth of specialised seminars on research and on historical theory and methodology. In the last year, það turned to research on þess honours thesis, Sanctuaries in Cities: Religious Power in Early and Middle Republican Rome. Það used more than 100 monographs and scholarly articles and wrote more than 100 pages in þess thesis, earning High Honours at the thesis’s defence. Several of the faculty advisers of þess committee commented that the Sôgmô presented and defended the thesis as if a “fifth or sixth year graduate student”—high praise for the Sôgmô, who will enter þess first year of graduate school in September.

The Sôgmô earned a multitude of awards and honours while at the University of Maryland. In addition to awards received in secondary education, það was listed on the Dean’s List, a list of special recognition for high grades in each semester, for each semester while það was at the university, thus a total of eight times. In July 2016, það was awarded the LGBT Equity Scholarship in recognition of þess leadership and activism in the bisexual community. In November, the Sôgmô was named a Dean’s Senior Scholar, the highest honour bestowed upon an undergraduate student at the University of Maryland. In the College of Arts and Humanities, of which both þess departments are a part, only seven students from the college are granted the honour which considers their academic achievements, their civic activities, and their contributions to the university’s community. In December, the Sôgmô earned the Ted and Penny Schwartz Award for Outstanding Junior Thesis, a considerable prize for the Sôgmô’s senior (but not honours) thesis, Democratic Eleuthería: Exploring the Philosophy of Freedom in Aristotle and Aristophanes. This thesis was used in the Sôgmô’s applications for graduate school in Fall 2016 and was presented at the Sôgmô’s first conference in February 2017. In May 2017, það received the Shipleys of Maryland Award for Best Academic Record for receiving the highest grade-point average out of more than 70 undergraduate graduates.

The Sôgmô’s magna laus does not end with specific awards, but it also includes membership in a variety of honour societies and scholarly and professional fraternities. After þess first year, the Sôgmô became a member in both Alpha Lambda Delta (ΑΛΔ) and Phi Eta Sigma (ΦΗΣ) for exemplary first-year work. In the Spring of 2015, in the first year of the society, the Sôgmô became a member of the Lavender Leadership Honors Society at the University of Maryland in recognition of þess leadership and activism for the bisexual community. In March 2016, the Sôgmô became a member of the Classics honours society, Eta Sigma Phi (ΗΣΦ), and in April was invited to Phi Kappa Phi (ΦΚΦ) for being in the top 7.5% of þess university class. In March 2017, the Sôgmô was inducted into Phi Alpha Theta (ΦΑΘ), despite being invited to the fraternity in March 2016. Finally, in May 2017, the Sôgmô was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa (ΦΒΚ), the oldest and most prestigious honours society in the United States.

During the Sôgmô’s four years at the University of Maryland, the Sôgmô engaged in a variety of campus and civic philanthropic activities. For four years, the Sôgmô was a member of Bisexuals at Maryland (BAM), a support and discussion group for bisexual/pansexual/queer members of the university community; for three years, the Sôgmô even facilitated and led the group. In that position, the Sôgmô took part in a variety of activities, including taking part at campus events directed toward LGBTQ+ and other marginalised or disadvantaged students. After the tragedy at Pulse in Orlando, FL, USA, the Sôgmô joined with student leaders from a variety of backgrounds but primarily from LGBTQ+, Muslim, and Latinx student communities to discuss cross-group collaboration. As a result of this activism, the Sôgmô joined the Bisexual Leadership Roundtable in 2015 and attended the Third Annual Bisexual Community Briefing at the White House on 26 September 2016 under the Obama administration. In November 2016, in the wake of the frenzy and anxiety after the election of Donald Trump to the presidency of the United States, the Sôgmô met with these leaders again and with more than 50 others to plan a student-led walk-out and to give a list of demands to campus administration. In addition, for four years, the Sôgmô was an executive member in a variety of capacities of a group for undergraduate students interested in classical literature and in mythology, the Classics Club.

To these philanthropic endeavours can be added the Sôgmô’s own jobs and work. For much of his career at the university—while earning high marks in þess coursework, attaining high honours, and devoting þess time to the betterment of the community with loving-kindness—the Sôgmô worked two or three jobs simultaneously. The Sôgmô was a long-time worker at the University Libraries in a multitude of departments, from Interlibrary Loan to the Library Services Division. Það joined the libraries in January 2014, while also working for Papa John’s Pizza. In Spring 2016, in addition to tutoring Latin and þess two jobs at the libraries, the Sôgmô also became the Digital Communications Assistant in the Classics department and later in the History department.

To these should be added some final notable academic and professional events. The Sôgmô became close friends and colleagues with a multitude of students from a variety of disciplines and interests, but especially with graduate students in both the History and Classics departments. In February 2017, the Sôgmô presented at þess first conference held by the History Graduate Student Association (HGSA). Meanwhile, það also successfully applied, interviewed, and received multiple acceptances from a variety of PhD. programs in Ancient History. In April, the Sôgmô accepted an offer to become a PhD. student in the Interdepartmental Program in Greek and Roman History (IPGRH) at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The program and the university is considered one of the best for studying Ancient History in North America. At the same time as the Sôgmô was presenting þess honours thesis, það also learned that þess paper was approved for the annual meeting of the Classical Association of Atlantic States (CAAS) in October 2017—meaning that the Sôgmô will be entering graduate school having presented at two conferences. In addition, the undergraduate humanities journal at the University of Maryland, Janus, has accepted the Sôgmô’s submission of a chapter from þess honours thesis—meaning that the Sôgmô’s scholarship will be published by a peer-reviewed journal, though an undergraduate journal.

The Sôgmô is a member of the Society for Classical Studies (SCS), the Classical Association of the Midwest and South (CAMWS), and the Classical Association of Atlantic States (CAAS). Það intends to join the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA), the Association of Ancient Historians (AAH), and the American Historical Association (AHA).

All of this scholarly, academic, and professional work was done at the same time the Honourable Sôgmô also successfully governed the State of Sandus.

Plaudamus igitur illum Honorabilem Sôgmônem. Let us therefore applaud the Honourable Sôgmô.



In the Name of the Three Jewels and the Benedictions of All the Gods
the Central People’s Government of the State of Sandus

Sôgmô enacts Sandum Table of Noble Ranks, establishing Sandum Nobility

The Sôgmô has enacted þess proposal to establish a limited nobility in the State of Sandus. The nobility will perform an entirely ceremonial role and grants of nobility will be bestowed based on service to the State. The decree establishes several ranks of nobility from gentleman and knights to baronets and barons. These ranks have a hypothetical scale connected to the constitution of the State of Sandus. Sandum royalty is also entitled to certain claims of nobility based on their relation to the Sôgmô, though these too must be granted by því.

To read the decree, see here.

How is a socialist republican state like Sandus able to establish a system of nobility? The State of Sandus was founded as an absolute monarchy and slowly morphed into an elective monarchy and a republic. The Sôgmô, in speaking with þess advisers and especially with the Party Secretary as representative of the Sandum proletariat, has determined that the nobility is a ceremonial aspect of the monarchical branch of the Sandum republic.

The prevailing principle of the nobility is humility, modesty, and moderation.”

Section 1, Article 3 of the Decree on Sandum Nobility
28 April 2017

Various provisions, moreover, were included in the proposal to avoid the haughtiness of foreign nobilities. In Sandus, the nobility, which comes from the Latin term nobilitas and means “notoriety” or “the notable,” is not an aristocracy. In the Sandum constitution, the aristocratic or meritocratic branch is the Citizens’ Party of Sandus, which is the socialist party and only established political party of the State of Sandus. The decree specifies that Sandum nobles ought to only use their titles in purely ceremonial and state occasions and that “[to] draw attention to one’s status of nobility in situations other than a formal state or ceremonial setting is contrary to the principles of Sandum nobility and is liable to censure by the Sôgmô.”

The table is based off of a principle of Russian nobility which was established by Tsar Peter I in 1722, the Russian Table of Ranks. The Sôgmô’s proposal, however, is uniquely Sandum. Its highest noble rank, beneath the Sôgmô, is that of baron, which is the lowest rank in English peerage. Sandus had previously been a barony twice from December 2009 to April 2010 and September to November 2010. The proposal also includes a series of other significant barriers, such as the fact that titles and ranks are not automatically inherited unless specified in one’s granting letters patent. The privileges associated with the ranks, as well, are nominal: nobles are entitled to certain styles of address, but these are to be used only on rare ceremonial occasions.

Certain grants of nobility, as well, might be given further privileges, such as the granting of heraldic coats of arms. The Sôgmô has determined that higher ranking nobles, such as barons and baronets, may receive arms from the North American Micronational College of Arms. Barons and baronets who are entitled, meaning that they have received fiefs in Sandus, are eligible to have ceremonial elements for their fiefs, such as an anthem. Other extraordinary privileges might be added to a noble’s grant.

The decree also establishes separate categories of grants, including personal and entitled grants of nobility which can either be inheritable or not. Entitled grants (those which come with a specific associated title) can be made hereditary, for example, in exchange for State access to the noble’s personal property and land—so-called “inholder nobles.”

The decree is specifically worded so as to not violate Sandus’s socialist policies, practices, and laws. Inholder nobles, for example, are the Sandum equivalent of proprietary or estate nobles, except that in Sandus private ownership of property and land is illegal; “inholder nobles,” according to Sandum law, bestow upon the State certain rights to their personal property for State business. Nobility, as well, is bestowed in recognition of merit and based upon one’s governmental position in the constitution of the State of Sandus, not based on a position of birth. Sandum Nobility denotes service to the State of Sandus, meaning that there are obligations associated with the nobility’s relatively superficial privileges.

Only barons and baronets, for example, are able to be inherited without a necessary dispensation from the Sôgmô. Inheritable baronets must also be Sandum citizens by their 16th birthday if they are to retain their inherited title.

Members of the Sandum Royal Family receive certain specific ranks depending on their relation to the Sôgmô, but again also in a Sandum-specific manner. Since the Office of the Sôgmô is an elective and not a hereditary office, the Sandum Royal Family is time specific. The proposal lays out a system of nobility specific to the current and previous royal families in Sandus, though members of the Royal Family still must receive a grant of nobility from the Sôgmô and are not automatically entitled to such a grant.

For example, members of the immediate Royal Family can become barons and the Sôgmô’s descendants can become baronets, but extended members of the Royal Family can only become—at best—knights in the Sandum nobility simply on virtue of their being in the Sandum Royal Family. All grants related to the royal family, furthermore, are not automatic but are given as special grants by the Sôgmô. Furthermore, all descendants of the reigning Sôgmô must remain Sandum citizens in order to inherit their title.

After the reigning Sôgmô dies, all Sandum royalty must identify their relationship to the previous Sôgmô after þess death. For example, the current Sôgmô’s sister would be styled “Lady Phanem Soror Elizabeth of the 1st Sôgmô” after þess death.

There is no word yet on who will first receive a title of nobility.