Provinces are territorial and citizenship designations. Formerly intended to organise and provide structure for the Courso d’Honourae, provinces have become important for bodies of representation of citizens since the termination of the Courso d’Honourae as a way in which to staff the Central People’s Government.
Section 2 – Provinces:
Article 9. Provinces are territorial and citizenship jurisdictions in which all Sandum citizens are allocated and fixed.
Article 10. The role of provinces is to organise the system of the Courso d ’ Honourae and the State along systems of advancement for the State in its bureaucratic capacities per the Courso for the benefit of the State and the People of Sandus.
Article 11. Citizens shall be allocated to the closest geographic province and censuses shall be conducted quarterly in order to draft the borders of the provinces of the State and organise the taxation policies for the following quarter.
— The Act on Citizenship of Martio MMXII
When the current system of commissioning functionaries to serve administrative roles in government was formed, the purpose of provinces was re-envisioned. In a decree from the Sôgmô dated 28 June 2013,
The Honourable Sôgmô Gaius Sörgel Publicola hereby proclaims that provinces are distinct territorial bodies and regions which uphold the fraternity between Sandum people of that location.
— Decree on the Courso d’Honourae and on Socilivae of Iunio MMXIII
To date, there are two provinces: Kremlum Sandus, Further Sandus, and Sandus Europāi. Kremlum Sandus is the traditional homeland of Sandus located between the Patuxent and Patapsco rivers on the Chesapeake Bay. Further Sandus is a province for Sandum citizens who live abroad from Kremlum Sandus, while Sandus Europāi is a province for Sandum citizens who live in Europe. An additional province is planned for when the Sôgmô moves away for graduate school, located on the lower Michigan peninsula. Future provinces may be added in the future.
A chief concern for many micronationalists and especially non-micronationalists is land claims. Provinces are seen fluidly in Sandus. Sandus is guided in its view of its claims by the Gradient-Sovereign Condominium Theory, a theory that sees the source of sovereignty as local power from citizens and their relation to the Sandum nation-project. Much like the political reality of the early Roman Empire, provinces are legal and administrative categories for citizens in order to foster representation in government according to their relationship with Sandus. As one moves away from the territory directly owned and managed by a citizen, the “gradient” takes effect — meaning that one’s power over that land realistically diminishes the further one travels away from the home of a citizen. This sort of “bounded space” differs significantly from contemporary conceptions of territory as separated by borders and relies significantly on Sandum citizens’ individual and combined “territoriality.”
This “gradient” can be observed in the map of Kremlum Sandus Province found on this page. Sovereignty over Sandum territory is shared between Sandus and the United States, its macronation, in the spirit of a condominium.
In the future, provinces may include their own local government whose powers and authority will be granted from the Sôgmô within limits and concerning local affairs.