Being a citizen of the State of Sandus enables you to be an active participant in the proceedings of our government, to shape our nation’s project, and to live a culturally independent life. Citizenship allows you to take part in all Sandum coöperatives, reap the benefits of your labour as a Sandum citizen, and to be part of a revolutionary micronation.
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About Sandum Citizenship
Sandum citizenship is divided into three categories with all three possessing the same basic rights of citizens. The three categories—in English known as full citizenship, social citizenship, and peregrine citizenship—were created by the March 2012 Act on Citizenship and amended by a subsequent law (the January 2018 Law on Citizenship & Immigration) and two sagamorial decrees (the July 2013 Decree on Socilivae and the August 2014 Decree on Peregrae and Socilivae sine suffragio). To become a citizen, applicants have to show that they affirm the principles of Sandum Philosophy, have a citizen attest to their good faith and character or to write a statement of purpose, and be elected a member by a majority vote in the Council. Dual micronational citizenship is strictly forbidden for all Sandum citizens, and Sandum nationals must wait one month as a peregrine citizen before they can become full citizens.
The categories of citizenship are frequently known by their Latin names civis, socius, and peregrinus. Before Latin became Sandus’s third official language, a constructed language called Sancta was used.
Full Citizens or cives enjoy all rights and are Sandum nationals
Social Citizens or socii enjoy nearly all rights, though their suffrage in national elections is conditional, and are nationals of a member-state of the Social System
Peregrine Citizens or peregrini enjoy most rights, except suffrage in national elections, and are newly elected citizens and Sandum nationals
Under a newly planned decree, new categories of citizenship will be created, as well as a new category comparable to residency called “adjacency.” Peregrine citizenship will be made the citizenship exclusively for new citizens.
Sandum-adjacent people will be more akin to residents found in other countries. Though their rights in Sandus have not yet been spelled out, they will have most social, cultural, and economic rights in Sandus but no political rights.
Royal citizenship is given to members of the Sandum Royal Family, including heirs’ families, by the Sôgmô’s grant. No rights are granted to royals, though royal citizenship does give royals an easier process for becoming fully-fledged citizens of Sandus.
Citizens’ Rights in Sandus
All citizens enjoy the “rights of life,” a series of rights traditionally afforded to citizens under the Founding Law of the State of Sandus in Articles 4 and 5. These rights have been expanded and elaborated on over time with the extension of suffrage in the Council to include all citizens, regardless of citizenship, and suffrage in national elections that was given to social citizens in particular by the August 2014 sagamorial decree. These rights come in five overlapping legal categories: political rights, social rights, cultural rights, economic rights, and legal equality.
- Political Rights:
- Right to Petition the Sôgmô
- Right to Vote in the Council (historically derived from the Right to Petition)
- Right to Vote in National Elections (full citizens and social citizens who meet the conditions for suffrage set up by law only)
- Right to Apply for Social Citizenship
- Social Rights:
- Right to Rest
- Right to Care in Old Age and Sickness
- Right to Education
- Right to Culture
- Right to Expression
- Right to Conscience
- Right to Protection from the State (Freedom from persecution, oppression)
- Right to Inviolability of the Home (Privacy)
- Economic Rights:
- Right to Work
- Right to Rest
- Right to Housing
- Legal Equality
Note on Language:
Prior to May 2015, the titles of the three citizenship classes were derived from the Sandum constructed language Sancta, the former third official language of Sandus. In April 2015, Sancta was exchanged with Latin as the third official Sandum language and changes were made in May 2015 to the legal corpus that updates the use of language. Prior to May 2015, the classes were as follows:
Full or civis citizenship was known as civilo;
Partial or socius citizenship was known as socilivo;
Auxiliary or peregrinus citizenship was known as peregro.
Some information on the State of Sandus’s Sandus.org website may use the former terminology.